Baron von Drais invents the Draisine (also known as a Hobby Horse
or Swift-Walker), an improved celerifere than can be steered with handlebars.
Kirkpatrick MacMilan of Scotland adds cranks and treadmills
to the rear axle of a two-wheeled vehicle, but gains only local notoriety.
Pedals are added to the front wheel of a two-wheeled machine,
creating a bone-jarring machine challed the velocipede or "boneshaker."
Velocipedes are manufactured in the United States and velocipede
riding becomes a popular fad.
Solid rubber tires replace iron velocipede tires and the
term "bicycle" is first used.
The Ariel, the first high-wheel Ordinary, is manufactured
The Ordinary or high-wheeler is first displayed in America.
First U.S.-made Ordinary manufactured.
League of American Wheelmen is founded and begins lobbying
for better roads.
Thomas Stevens pedals across the United States --from Oakland,
California, to Boston Massachusetts. J. K. Starley invents the "safety
Starley Saftey bicycle
Pneumatic rubber tires invented.
Fashion designers re-introduce the bloomer costume, freeing
women from the restrictive corsets and dress of the time.
Chicago puts its mailmen on bicycles; the price of a good-quality
horse reaches a new low; four schoolmarms stir up controversy by wearing
bloomers to work.
Margaret Valentine Le Long rides from Chicago to San Francisco;
coaster brakes are invented; Henry Ford builds his first succesful automobile.
Ford's first automobile
Bicyles' popularity in the United States declines.
"Mile-a-Minute" Murphy sets a bicycle speed record
-- one mile in 57.75 seconds.
Bicycle mechanics Wilbur and Orville Wright fly 120 feet
in the first succesful airplane.
New bicycle boom begins.
Bicycles outsell cars in the United States --13 million to
11 million; bicycle thefts account for 17% of all larcenies in the U.S.
Dr. Allan Abbott sets a bicycle speed record, reaching 138.674
mph on the Bonneville Salt Flats.
First Internation Human Powered Speed Championships held.
2,000 cyclists celebrate the Bicentennial by riding across
The Specialized Stumpjumper became the first mass-produced mountain
bikes. It helps popularize the sport.
The road race becomes the first women's cycling event at
John Howard of the US sets a new bicycle speed record of
152.284 mph. The first person to go over 150 miles an hour on a bicycle.
Fred Rompelberg of the Netherlands sets a new bicycle speed
record of 166.9 mph. At the time, he was 50 years old, and the world's
oldest professional cyclist.
Mountain biking introduced as an Olympic sport.